Last week, Education Minister Jason Clare announced that he was going to remove political interference from the Australian Research Council grants process (except for national security concerns). It is a victory for academic freedom, and a testament to the work of Senator Mehreen Faruqi – who proposed the Ensuring Research Independence Bill back in 2018.
Ahead of the 2022 election, the Australia Institute identified over 40 reforms for the incoming 47th Parliament to consider – including removing the ministerial veto over Australian Research Council grants.
This marks the fifteenth reform proposed in the Democracy Agenda that has been implemented or progressed since the 2022 election. Some of the reforms have received widespread attention and have been widely celebrated:
- Australia now has a National Anti-Corruption Commission to investigate allegations of corruption at the federal level. In its less than two months of operation it has received over 400 referrals, of which only about 12 per cent relate to matters well publicized in the media.
- The Albanese Government has committed to implement truth in political advertising laws, after the Parliament’s electoral matters review has concluded. Australia Institute research into South Australia’s truth in political advertising laws shows that such regulations can be effective in limiting misleading advertising and changing political culture.
- The referendum on whether to enshrine an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Voice to Parliament will be held later this year.
Progress on other reforms has attracted less attention, despite their importance:
- The Labor majority on the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) has recommended allowing crossbench MPs and senators to join the committee. In 2020, Australia Institute research found that Australia was unusual among its Five Eyes partner countries in not allowing minor party or independent members on its intelligence oversight committee.
- The Albanese Government is developing a model for an Evaluator-General, based in Treasury. As originally proposed by economist Nicholas Gruen, an Evaluator-General would have similar powers to the Auditor-General, but where the Auditor-General assesses whether processes have been followed correctly the Evaluator-General would assess whether outcomes have been achieved. So far, Labor’s model seems more limited than that originally envisaged by Gruen.
- There is a real chance that the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory will receive more senators, with the policy adopted at Labor national conference. The territories have historically missed out on Senate representation relative to the states: even Tasmania receives 12 senators to the ACT and NT’s two each.
- The Albanese Government is part way through its election commitment to cut spending on consultants and labour hire, a commitment only made more urgent by rolling scandals involving governments’ relationships with expensive, conflicted consulting firms.
That’s not to mention important parliamentary reforms, like the ongoing implementation of the Kate Jenkins Setting the Standard report on parliamentary workplaces, a code of conduct for parliamentarians and their staff and including blind trusts in the register of ministers’ interests.
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Luciana Lawe Davies Media Adviser