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The Victorian Liberals’ announcement of $3.9 billion for new trams and trains over the next 10 years appears unlikely to meet growing demand, according to analysis of the announcement from the Australia Institute.
This paper aims to explore the efficiency, equity and environmental case for removing upfront costs of car ownership (such as registration fees and stamp duties) and replacing them with ongoing, user-based charges (such as fuel excise and mileage-based insurance).
Australians will face longer journeys and more frequent gridlock if some tough decisions are not made to tackle city congestion problems. A number of cities around the world, such as Singapore, London and Milan, have introduced successful pricing schemes to reduce road use. This paper explores the case for a congestion charge, with time-of-day pricing
This paper considers whether the unconstrained growth of the aviation industry in Australia is compatible with reducing the nation’s greenhouse gas emissions to levels that are required to avoid dangerous climate change. To do this, the paper projects aviation emissions over the period 2005 to 2050, compares the projections to likely emission reduction targets in
Compares commuting times by city, occupation and socio-economic group and considers the effects of long commuting times on family relationships and social life.
A speeding fine of $125 represent one third of the weekly pay for those who make $20,000 per annum, while it only makes up 6% for someone making $100,000 per annum. This applies to the cost of a parking ticket or any other flat fine. The recommendation of this piece is to make the fine
The ANTS will result in an increase of greenhouse gas emissions. The reduction in fuel prices and the relaxed standards on public transport will result in pollution that cannot be offset by the carbon sink and GST exemption policies they are implementing. The revised ANTS program will not get Australian to meet its obligations to
This report evaluates the likely effects on atmospheric emissions of the proposed changes in indirect taxes put forward in the Coalition’s GST Tax Package. While there is no mention of the environment in the Tax Package, changes in prices of energy intensive activities induced by the Tax Package may affect energy consumption and thus atmospheric